Although the emission targets proposed by US, China are significant for climate negotiations it seems that they will have little or no impact on the carbon emissions in absolute terms.
Author: Mridul Chadha
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For the first time, the United States has agreed to recognize the national mitigation measures proposed by the developing countries in the proposed climate treaty.
A Step Backward: Obama to push for scraping of Kyoto Principles as he meets Chinese Prez, Indian PM?
United States (and EU) have objected to the principles of Kyoto Protocol and demand that developing countries should also accept responsibility to reduce carbon emissions by accepting mandatory emission targets.
A bill mandating energy usage and new energy efficiency measures for more than 700 energy intensive industrial units will be tabled in the Indian Parliament in November.
India has announced numerous changes in its climate policy signaling a renewed effort to cement its credentials as a global environment leader.
The developed countries are struggling to build national consensus for ambitious mitigation measures while the developing countries have gained the higher ground in the negotiations for the next climate deal by announcing voluntary sectoral emission reduction targets.
With so much going on at the international front the Indian government has struggled to chalk out official negotiations plan for the Copenhagen Summit. It must now decide if it wants to be a deal breaker or a major initiator at the climate talks.
With an international deal in doubt, India and China look to increase cooperation in areas like renewable energy, climate change research.
US has once again made unreasonable demands that developing countries adopt similar emission reduction targets as the rich countries. Such demands are against the Bali (Climate Conference) Action Plan and threaten to derail the climate negotiations.
After playing leader in global climate change negotiations, United States is now under pressure to respond to India and China’s announcements of mitigation measures.
After months of resistance against emission reduction goals the Indian government now seems willing to take proactive measures to reduce carbon emissions.
EU says advanced developing countries have ample financial resources, refuses to provide climate change funds
EU demands that advanced developing countries take more responsibility by partially funding their carbon emission reduction programs and contribute to the international adaptation fund to help developing and poor countries.
India is refusing to use its ‘low per capita emissions’ argument to dodge demands of emission reduction goals even as its carbon emission output continues to rise.
Lack of foreign investments owing to the global financial crisis and its own negotiating stance at climate talks could throw back India’s schedule to implement plans of setting up large scale solar energy projects.
Brazil and China have been in talks with the United States about increasing cooperation in expanding clean energy technologies, and possibly reducing their carbon emissions. It seems that the developing countries are finding it difficult to maintain their stance of no emission reduction targets.