Renewable Roundup: Renewable energy is a huge boon for the island nation of Indonesia

  • Published on May 23rd, 2020

Indonesia is undergoing another conversion in government policy on energy. There is much more renewable energy in this year’s plan, to be achieved much sooner than previously thought, on more than 9,000 inhabited islands. Wind, solar, geothermal, hydro, wave, tide, storage…

komodo park, indonesia

By Mokurai

Indonesia should put more energy into renewable power

Aug 19, 2019

In fact, Indonesia has the potential to generate 788,000 megawatts (MW) of power from renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, tidal, and geothermal. This is more than 14 times the country’s current electricity consumption. Indonesia’s electricity needs are predicted to grow by around 7% every year until 2027.

In Indonesian renewables bill, activists see chance to move away from coal

Feb 14, 2020 – Indonesia’s parliament is drafting a bill on renewable energy that will be included in its docket of priority legislation for passage this year.
  • Energy industry observers and activists have welcomed the move and called for policies to transition the country away from its heavy reliance on coal.
  • Coal accounts for the majority of Indonesia’s energy mix, and looks to remain that way through to at least 2025, even though the country has vast untapped potential to generate power from geothermal, solar, wind and wave.
  • Observers are also wary of the government’s definition of what constitutes new and renewable energy, which includes nuclear, gasified and liquefied coal, hydrogen, and even palm oil biodiesel.

Yes, we still have to go on educating Indonesian politicians and government ministers.

Regulatory changes pave the C&I way

A growing number of companies in Indonesia, particularly multinationals that implement green policies or are listed as RE100 participants, are poised to adopt rooftop PV. Regulatory changes and signals from the country’s previous government, which supported coal, are paving the way for significant growth.

New renewable energy legislation, a chance for Indonesia to move away from coal

Feb 14, 2020 — Indonesia has prioritized new renewable energy legislation that could be a chance for Indonesia to move away from coal with renewable energy resources. With its great potential in the country, geothermal could benefit from it, but only with the right framework and support.

Wind, solar, tide, wave…

Indonesia already has ambitious targets to increase its use of renewable energy. The country has set an overall target to have modern renewables (excluding …
The contribution of renewable sources of energy to energy supply as a percentage of total primary energy (potential) supply in 2010 was 34.5%.[28] Renewable generation sources supplied 5% to 6% of Indonesia’s electricity in 2015.[29][30] Indonesia has set a target of 23% of electricity generation from renewable sources by 2025.[31] [32]By November 2018, Indonesia had announced it was unlikely to meet the 23% renewable energy by 2025 target set in the Paris Accords.[33]

That was then. Somebody needs to update that article with the new plans.

Renewable Energy For Indonesia 2017

Targeting to reach 23% of renewables share in primary energy mix by 2025 and 31% by 2050, Indonesia has been struggling to meet the targets. By 2017, renewables only accounted for 8% of primary energy mix in the country while the other 92% fulfilled by fossil fuels. The same trend can be seen in the Indonesian power sector where renewables share only reached 12% in 2017 while fossil  fuels  remained  dominating  the  sector  by  generating 88% of electricity in the country.

Again, that was under the old plans.

Apr 21, 2020 — Indonesia is a tropical country with year-round sunshine. My research on how Indonesia can generate electricity entirely from renewable energy has calculated the country has the potential to generate about 640,000 Terrawatt-hours (TWh) per year from solar energy.  That’s equivalent to 2,300 times last year’s electricity production.

Despite this huge energy potential, investment in the renewable energy sector is still low. Hence, solar energy contributed only 1.7% to the country’s total electricity production last year.

Southeast Asia’s largest economy produced 275 TWh of electricity from various power plants with a total capacity of 69.1 gigawatt (GW) last year. Coal, gas and diesel power plants supplied almost 90% of electricity. The rest comes from power plants using renewable energy – hydro, wind, geothermal, solar and biofuel.

The domination of non-renewable energy power is expected to last until 2050.

Not expected by me, but if you have been following this series, you knew that.

Mar 18, 2020 — The government aims to jumpstart stalled renewable energy projects through a recently issued regulation as it races against time to catch up with Indonesia’s green energy commitments.

The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry issued last month a regulation that scraps the unpopular build, own, operate, transfer (BOOT) scheme. Many renewable energy players have said the scheme undermined their projects’ bankability.

The new regulation also enables Indonesia’s sole off taker, state-owned PLN, to sign power purchase agreements without conducting a bid under certain conditions.

Book: The Electricity Grid in Indonesia

The Experiences of End-Users and Their Attitudes Toward Solar Photovoltaics

This book presents the real experience of households, some of the grid users in Indonesia. Through a series of surveys, households in three cities in Western, Central, and Eastern Indonesia shared their experiences and preferences regarding their electricity supply. They offered their opinions about the stability and reliability of electricity supply, how they coped with blackouts, and what impacts power interruptions had on their daily lives. Because of the frequent power outages, the users started to think about the importance of having a back-up power generator at home. Given that Indonesia has high solar irradiance the whole year through, we also observed the users’ attitudes toward solar photovoltaic (PV) systems.

Indonesia Doesn’t Know How Many Islands It Has

They do know that there are more at low tide, and there will be fewer with rising seas.

(Crossposted with DailyKos. Image CC by Opick Mataram Web from Pixabay)

About the Author

Generalist BA, Math and Philosophy Peace Corps, South Korea Buddhist monastic training High-tech market analyst Tech Writer Serial NGO Founder Education for a billion children End poverty at a profit

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